Fibroids influence no less than 20% of all ladies at some point amid their life. Ladies matured somewhere around 30 and 50 are the well on the way to create fibroids. Overweight and hefty ladies are at altogether higher danger of creating fibroids, contrasted with ladies of typical weight. Threatening (malignant) developments on the smooth muscles inside the womb can create, called leiomyosarcoma of the womb. Be that as it may, this is to a great degree uncommon. Uterine fibroid surgery India with Select IVF has all the options for the successful treatment.

What Are Fibroids?

Fibroid is a non-malignant (benevolent) tumors that develop from the muscle layers of the uterus (womb). They are otherwise called uterine fibroids, myomas, or fibromyomas. The particular of uterine fibroids is Uterine Fibroma. Fibroids are developments of smooth muscle and stringy tissue. Fibroids can differ in size, from that of a bean to as extensive as a melon.

Different Types Of Fibroids

Fibroids are categorised by their location, which includes:

  • Intramural - growing in the uterine wall. Intramural fibroids are the most common variety.
  • Submucosal - growing in the uterine lining (endometrium). This type tends to cause excessive menstrual bleeding and period pain.
  • Subserosal - growing on the exterior wall of the uterus. They sometimes appear like long stalks

Endometrial polyps
Fibroids can prompt the growth of polyps in the uterine lining (endometrium). A polyp is a small protrusion that looks like a tiny ball on the end of a slim stalk. Endometrial polyps can also contribute to menstrual problems, such as excessive bleeding and pain.

Common complications
Fibroids can cause a variety of complications, including:

Anaemia - excessive menstrual blood loss can cause anaemia, a disorder characterised by the body's inability to carry sufficient oxygen in the blood. Symptoms of anaemia include breathlessness, fatigue and paleness.

Urination problems - large fibroids can bulge the uterus against the bladder, causing a sensation of fullness or discomfort and the need to urinate often.

Infertility - the presence of fibroids can interfere with implantation of the fertilised egg in a number of ways. For example, the egg may try to burrow into a fibroid, or fibroids close to the uterine cavity may'prop open 'the uterus, which makes successful implantation difficult.

Miscarriage and premature delivery - fibroids can reduce blood flow to the placenta, or else compete for space with the developing baby.

What All Are The Diagnosis Methods For Fibroid Surgery?

Fibroids can be detected using an ultrasound, where sound waves create a two dimensional picture. The inside of the uterus can be examined with a hysteroscope, which is a thin tube passed through the cervix (neck of the womb). A small camera may be placed at the tip of the hysteroscope, so that the interior of the uterus can be viewed on a monitor.

What Is The Treatment Available For The Fibroid Surgery?

Most fibroids do not cause symptoms, and do not require treatment. A 'wait and see' approach is sometimes adopted.

  • Fibroids may require treatment in the following circumstances:
  • Fibroids are growing large enough to cause pressure on other organs, such as the bladder.
  • Fibroids are growing rapidly
  • Fibroids are causing abnormal bleeding
  • Fibroids are causing problems with fertility.

Treatment options

Treatment depends on the location, size and number of the fibroids, but may include:

  • Drugs - such as hormones, used in combination to shrink the fibroids prior to surgery.
  • Hysteroscopy - the fibroids are removed via the cervix, using a hysteroscope.
  • Laparoscopy - or 'keyhole surgery', where a thin tube is inserted through the abdomen to remove the fibroids.
  • Open surgery - larger fibroids need to be removed via an abdominal incision. This procedure weakens the uterine wall, and makes Caesarean sections for subsequent pregnancies more likely.
  • Hysterectomy - the surgical removal of some, or all, of the uterus. Pregnancy is no longer possible after a hysterectomy.
  • Uterine artery embolization - This is a newer treatment for uterine fibroids. It works by starving the fibroid of its blood supply. It has been shown to decrease the size of fibroids by up to 50% and may save some women from hysterectomy. It is not without its own complications and may be very painful. Its use in women who still want to have children is controversial as long term effects on fertility and pregnancy are unknown.

WHAT TO EXPECT AFTER YOUR MYOMECTOMY (REMOVAL OF FIBROIDS)

LAPAROSCOPIC MYOMECTOMY

Length of Hospital StayYou will usually go home within 3 days of surgery.
Post operative painWithin a day of laparoscopic myomectomy most patients require only oral pain medication.
MobilityShowering and walking short distances within 24 hours
Return to workPatients can return to non-strenuous employment within a few weeks of surgery. (Usually 3-4 weeks). Light duties can be started within 2 weeks.
Return to workPatients can return to non-strenuous employment within a few weeks of surgery. (Usually 3-4 weeks). Light duties can be started within 2 weeks.

ABDOMINAL MYOMECTOMY

Length of Hospital StayYou will usually go home within 3-5 days.
Post operative painPatients usually require 48 hours of injections (i.e pethidine, morphine) given either intravenously, subcutaneously or intramuscularly for pain relief.
MobilityShowering and walking short distances within 24-36 hours
Return to workPatients can return to non-strenuous employment within 4-6 weeks of surgery. Light duties can be started within 2 weeks.


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