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January 11, 2023

What is the difference between ICSI and IVF?

IVF – the sought-after ART technique

Infertility is a problem that makes conceiving hard for a couple despite the repeated attempts of trying to do so, but there are solutions to this problem called ART (Assisted Reproductive Technology) method. ART includes various technological methods that help a couple pregnant who cannot have a baby with the natural process and one of the most famous ART methods is IVF.

IVF or In Vitro Fertilization is the method of assisted reproduction wherein the mother’s eggs are fertilized with the father’s sperms in a laboratory setting, to place the resulting embryo from the technical fertilization into the mother’s womb. The process has become a household name and in simple terms known as a test-tube baby treatment. The fertility treatment has been proved to be successful in helping millions of couples worldwide to accomplish their dream of becoming a parent.

ICSI – the improved version of IVF

ICSI (Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection) is an advanced form of IVF and is usually executed in conjunction with IVF. Also called IVF ICSI, the treatment aids in elevating the chances of conception to another level due to the use of highly advanced treatment. In the treatment, the sperm for fertilization is selected using a special method and only a single finest quality sperm is picked for injecting into the cytoplasm of the egg. The injection of a single sperm directly into the egg improves the chances of success in the fertility treatment that could not attain it otherwise.

Generally, it is the only next best option when failure is experienced by couples with IVF. IVF may fail due to failure in fertilization, ineffective attachment of the embryo to the uterine lining, etc. Whatever is the reason behind IVF failure, ICSI treatment can give better results as the chances of failure in the ICSI treatment are reduced to a minimum.

Difference between ICSI and IVF procedure 

In the process of IVF treatment, the patient undergoing the IVF treatment is given fertility medication for increasing the production of eggs inside the ovaries. A substantial amount is required for ensuring better chances of fertilization. During this period, the development of eggs is tracked with the help of ultrasounds. Once the maturity of the eggs is evident, they are pulled out from the ovarian follicles by using a hollow needle. The eggs are then with the sperms, which are received from the male partner by inviting him to the clinic for providing his semen sample. The combination results in the formation of the embryo that gets implanted into the uterus of the patient in the process of embryo transfer. At last, some pregnancy tests are done to confirm a healthy pregnancy after 14 days.

The procedure of ICSI is similar to IVF as it performed as an enhanced version or a subpart of the IVF treatment but still, there is a difference between ICSI and IVF fertility treatment. The patient has to take fertility medicines for enhancing the development of eggs and these eggs are retrieved in the process of egg retrieval for transferring them to the next stage of the treatment. Then, the sperms received in the process of semen collected are washed for abandoning impurities. The doctor selects a single sperm based on its ability to bond with Hyaluronic Acid; he selects the highest motility sperm and injects into the cytoplasm of the egg. This results in fertilization and the formation of the embryo. Likewise IVF, the embryo is transferred to the patient’s uterus and pregnancy is awaited.

Main Difference between ICSI and IVF

The following are the main differences between IVF and ICSI treatment.

  • In IVF, fertilization happens outside the body by combining the eggs with the sperms. On the other hand, a single sperm cell is directly injected into the eggs in ICSI treatment.
  • In ICSI, only a single sperm is used for fertilizing the egg and whereas in IVF, multiple sperms are used for promoting fertilization to increase the chances of healthy fertilization.
  • The sperms have to reach and penetrate the egg on their own in IVF treatment. In ICSI treatment, the sperm is assisted by the injection for penetrating the egg.
  • ICSI is used for treating severe cases of male factor infertility and IVF is used for dealing with both female and male factor infertility.
  • IVF is used as a primary fertility treatment for infertile couples for helping them having a child. ICSI is used when other fertility treatments fail such as IUI, IVF, etc.
  • ICSI treatment costs more than IVF as it is an advanced procedure requiring the greater use of technology.

At Select IVF India, we have the adroit fertility experts that perform effective treatment procedures for both IVF and ICSI. They employ the latest technology for operating patients for different advanced fertility treatments and make sure that they get the most coveted outcomes in their treatment. Our success rates for both IVF and ICSI are the highest when contrasted the same with other fertility clinics.

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