Facing any issue with your ovulation, if yes, then go for Ovulation Induction treatment-
Ovulation Induction is a treatment, which increases the quantity of eggs that a lady ovulates in a cycle. This is the treatment, which is selected by those females who are not able to become pregnant due to the reason of their improper or absence of ovulation. While ovarian incitement for IVF and ICSI plans to create numerous eggs for accumulation (in ladies who are generally ovulating), ovulation induction means to invigorate only a few eggs in ladies who are not ovulating. This treatment is frequently preferred by those ladies who are in the condition of polycystic ovarian syndrome, PCOS. PCOS is a situation, which can be described as numerous ovarian cysts, unpredictable or missing periods, and large amounts of male (androgen) hormones.
In an unstimulated cycle (regular cycle), a woman commonly ovulates one egg in every month. Rarely, a lady's ovaries may precipitously discharge two eggs in some random cycle, which can result in non-indistinguishable twins. In a stimulated ovulation cycle, the main goal is to accomplish multi follicular development and ovulation – the ovulation of different eggs in a single cycle. At the point when a few eggs are ovulated on the double, the probability of origination frequently increments drastically. Ovulation stimulation is performed with orally ingested medicines or injectable mediations, and is generally done with Artificial insemination technique (intrauterine insemination IUI). Patients who may profit by Ovulation Induction with the use of IUI technique are- couples with unexplained sterility, PCOS, endometriosis, and ovarian failure. To go for ovulation induction, a female must have normal and healthy uterine cavity, no less than one functioning fallopian tube, and the male partner must have motile and active or large number of sperm count.
Who can opt for ovulation Induction-
Ovulation Induction treatment is preferred by those women has-
- Improper ovulation or no ovulations at all but have normal and healthy fallopian tube.
- Female partner who has the issue of unexplained infertility, and want to go for ovulation induction to release multiple eggs and thus enhancing the pregnancy rate.
Reason behind why the women do not ovulate-
There could be several reasons why females are not able to have the natural cycle of ovulation. Reasons can be-
- Imbalanced hormonal cause
- Pituitary dysfunction (a disorder in which ovulation occurs in improper or infrequent basis).
- Pituitary failure (a condition when ovulation fails to be happen, known as anovulaton
- Overweight or underweight
- Excessive work out (heavy lifting)
- Abnormal hairs growth on the faces or on the entire body (presence of male hormones).
- Acne, Stress
- Amenorrhoea ( lack of natural cycle of periods)
- Endometriosis (a condition where inside lining of uterus starts to develop other place of the body such as on the fallopian tubes, on the ovaries or outside surface of the uterus )
- Ovarian failure
Process of Ovulation Induction-
The entire process of ovulation induction treatment is very smooth and does not cause any discomfort to the female patient. This treatment starts from the 3rd or 4th day of the female menstruation and takes ten to twelve days to complete.
Assessments will be carried out by the fertility experts. Checkups include blood tests and vaginal ultrasound. Blood test is done to look hormone levels and ultrasound is carried to check the follicles development in the ovaries. Then the medications (generally in the form of injections) are provided to the female to promote the growth of the follicles, which contains eggs. This is the stage when patient has to visit regularly ( interval of few days advised by the doctor) for the ultrasounds to check the size and numbers of the follicles. At the stage of one to four follicles, doctor gives another medication ( HCG) which triggers the ovulation. After this injection, woman ovulates 36-46 hours of it.
After 24-34 hour of the final injection, doctor may prefer to have intercourse with your male partner, or can go for IUI insemination process (a procedure where sperms of the male partner is cultured and washed separately from the semen, and then placing the sperms into the uterus of the female at the time of ovulation). Select IVF is that platform where ovulation induction is treated by the experts who have skilful hands on fertility treatments.
Medications, which are generally given in the process of ovulation induction, are-
- Clomiphene Citrate(Clomid)
- Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)
Follicle stimulating hormone- FSH is the stimulating hormones, it stimulates the number of follicles that develop in the ovary. HCG is also used to trigger the ovulation once the follicles have developed.
Ovulation induction cost is INR 15k (15,000). At the end, we can say that this treatment is a course of maturing the hormones to stimulate the ovaries to deliver a develop follicle, and after that planned intercourse or Artificial Insemination (AI)/Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) to concur with ovulation. If the female is having the issue of PCOS then she may respond delicately to fertility drugs and medication, there is a risk of numerous follicle generations and can lead to multiple pregnancies. Regular checkups following with ultrasound and hormone estimations are important so that one or two follicles will develop.