What is Surrogacy?
Surrogacy is an assisted reproductive procedure which helps the intended parents to start their families when they otherwise could not. There are several reasons for which intended parents pursue surrogacy and they come from different backgrounds. All intended parents work closely together with the surrogate mothers, a woman who carries the baby in her womb until the baby born.
There are two types of surrogacy procedure which is (i) gestational surrogacy and (ii) traditional surrogacy. Gestational surrogacy is the procedure where the gestational carrier has no genetic link with the baby born. This is a procedure which is performed using IVF where embryos created in IVF lab and transfer into the uterus of the gestational surrogate. In traditional surrogacy, the surrogate eggs were used to facilitate the fertilization with the sperm of the intended father and once the fertilization takes place the resulted embryo will be transferred into the uterus of the traditional surrogate.
Is surrogacy for me?
Carrying a baby for someone else is not an easy task and it requires a lot of patience to accept this that the baby who you carry in your womb need to hand-over to someone else after 9 months and you have no relationship left with the baby. If you are strong enough to carry someone else baby then surrogacy is the best procedure through which you will help the couple’s in completing their family.
As a gestational surrogate, you are not genetically related to the baby born because the eggs of the intended mother or egg donor will be used for fertilization and resulted embryo will be placed into the gestational surrogate.
How does surrogacy work?
The full surrogacy which is also known as gestational surrogacy where the fertility expert will collect the eggs and sperms of intended parents to facilitate the fertilization using an IVF procedure. Once the fertilization takes place the embryologist will transfer the best-chosen embryo into the uterus of the gestational surrogate to establish the successful pregnancy.
The other one is the partial surrogacy which is known as traditional surrogacy where the surrogate becomes pregnant by using her own eggs which are artificially fertilized with the sperm of intended father and she will carry the baby in her womb until the baby birth.
- What is my chance of having a baby with surrogacy?
- What are the risks of surrogacy?
- Legal issues associated with surrogacy
- Where do I start?
The chances of having a baby through surrogacy half depend on that how healthy the surrogate mother is and the other half depends on the embryo transfer into her womb. Till date, the chances of having a baby through surrogacy at the hospitals and clinics under Select IVF is very high which are ranges between 55 to 80% depending on the procedure the couple is opting for the surrogacy. If you compared the success rates of having a baby under Select IVF hospitals or clinics with other fertility centres then you will find a huge variation in the success rates.
The risk of surrogacy can range from mild to severe discomfort and sometimes life-threating. Problems during the period of pregnancy may include the physical and mental conditions which can affect the health of the surrogate mother or the baby. There are some problems which do not progress, however, if they occur they may harm the surrogate mother or the baby. The following are some health conditions which a woman may experience during pregnancy such as Depression, High Blood Pressure, Infections, Nausea etc. but they are not limited. There can be more issues so before going for surrogacy you need to discuss with your doctor about the risks.
As surrogacy is a legal procedure but to run the process smooth the hospitals under Select IVF ask both the surrogate and the intended parents to sign a mutual concern which states that surrogate will hand-over the baby to his/her intended parents after the baby birth and the intended parents will bear all the expenses of surrogate until the baby birth. After the completion of the procedure, the intended parents need to file a petition in Court for seeking legal permission and the Court will order the Department of Vital Statistics to issue the new birth certificate in the name of intended parents as a legal parent.
To become a surrogate you need to fulfil the following criteria’s:
- You should be between the age group of 21 to 35 years.
- You should young, healthy and fertile enough to carry the pregnancy for someone else.
- You should have full support from your family to be a surrogate for another woman.
- You need to pass the medical and physiological test to be a surrogate mother.
- You should have any previous history of repeated miscarriages.
- You should be a married woman with kids to bear the stress of the surrogacy procedure for someone else.
• You should not addict to any illegal drugs or alcohol to be a surrogate.